By: Tanya Kramer
This day was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in 1992. This year the Theme is “Transformative solutions for inclusive development: the role of innovation in fueling an accessible and equitable world”.
For individuals with a disability, there continues to be barriers to living a normal life. That is why the purpose of this day is to promote the importance of understanding disability issues and “mobilize support for the dignity, rights, and well being of persons with disabilities.” It is also meant to educate how every aspect of society (political / social / economic / cultural) will benefit when there is a complete integration with persons with disabilities.
More than 1 billion people worldwide have a disability.
What do Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Mean?
Intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) are disorders that are usually present at birth and affect the individual’s physical, intellectual, and/or emotional development.
IDD includes persons with:
- Intellectual Disability (IQ of 75 or below)
- Developmental Disability
- Global Developmental Delays
- Medical Needs that cause I/DD or adaptive function issues
- Down Syndrome
- Autism Spectrum Disorder
- Cerebral Palsy
- Fetal Alcohol / Drug Syndrome
- Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)
- Spina Bifida
Where to Find Support and What Type of Support is Available?
Support for individuals with a disability can be found on the county level. You can locate this by searching the internet for your county along with the words “Developmental Disability Services”.
Here is a brief list of the types of services that may be available:
- Case Management – someone to help you identify what you might benefit from
- Skills training
- Assistive devices or technology
- Behavior consultation
- Overnight support
- Specialized medical equipment / supplies
- In home support for intensive medical or behavioral needs
- Family Training
- Environmental Modifications
- Vehicle Modifications
- Foster Care / Group Homes